Improving Divers. Improving Safety.

Globally Unique. Mindset Changing. Applying Human Factors to SCUBA Diving

Fundamentals: For Your Head!

The majority of diver training agencies have a 'fundamentals', 'essentials' or similar class to make sure buoyancy and trim are sorted before progressing to technical or cave diving


Most accidents and adverse events in diving are not down to undetected technical failures, poor buoyancy or incorrect trim, but rather a breakdown in communication, poor decision-making or a lack of situational awareness, or more likely a chain of events which are based around these human factors and nobody provides training in this subject in a holistic manner. 

Until on...

The Basics

Building More Knowledge

Practical / Applied Learning

The online micro-class (3 hrs) provides an introduction to the subject of human factors skills/non-technical skills in the context of diving with 15-20 minute modules. This is ideal for someone who wants to gain a basic understanding of the subject and how to apply it to their diving to reduce stress, have more fun and improve their performance and safety.


Two classes within the webinar-based programme (each 10 hrs). The first focuses on leadership diving (DMs, Instructors and Instructor trainers) and the second for divers in higher risk areas such as CCR, Cave and Technical diving. Each course has case studies to demonstrate the value and applicability of these skills to your diving. 


Two classes provided. Core topics (2 days) and has a minimal amount of theory with the majority of time spent using GemaSim to develop these skills. The Advanced class (3 days) uses video debriefing techniques to really build the skills as well as a whole day on the Process Communication Model to improve teamwork and communications.


What is Human Factors Skills in Diving About?

On Jan 15, 2009, an Airbus A319 landed on the river Hudson after encountering a massive birdstrike which killed both engines. Capt. Sullenberger's piloting skills were impressive, but his teamwork, leadership, situational awareness, decision making and communications are what really saved the day. These are known as non-technical skills or human factors skills.

The classes provided by the Human Factors Academy for the diving community are based on the syllabi used by high reliability organisations like the Royal Air Force, the CAA, the FAA and the Royal College of Surgeons to ensure aircrew and surgeons can operate at the highest levels of excellence. 

These skills are equally applicable to diving, be that as an instructor or as a cave, technical or CCR diver. In 2011, the UK HSE recommended that CCR divers should undertake HF training as a way of reducing incidents and improving diving safety. This training fills that gap for the diving community.

Why should I learn about this?

These courses do not focus on the technical aspects of diving but rather decision making, situational awareness, communications and cooperation skills, and crucially, their interdependence.

Research indicates that diving incidents are rarely down to undetected technical issues rather they are impacted by the variability of human performance. i.e. we make mistakes, errors and break the rules!

Divers spend plenty of money on the 'shiny' stuff but how often do you consider improving the grey matter between your ears? That grey matter has far more impact on your safety than the latest gadget...

What do the classes look like?

A short video showing a 2-day class in progress using GemaSim

What now?

High performance requires a level of commitment. Are you ready for that challenge? If this subject really interests you and you want to take your learning to the next level, visit the pages below. Practice doesn't make perfect, perfect practice makes perfect.

The Basics?


Building More Knowledge?


Practical / Applied Learning


Programmes in an infographic...